Category Archives: New York 30

Schiffsratten NY30 Long Distance Race Begins

NY30 LDR Race 1

Woots to Rossini Ralfo and Schiffsratten Yacht Club for organizing the New York 30 Long Distance Race. It’s the first major event of SrYC‘s 2013 sailing season, and it kicked off last Saturday from the Travertine raceline.

The Regatta series consists of four long-distance events for Trudeau New York 30 sailboats. Each event takes place on a different Saturday between now and March 2, and the entrants compete as two-person teams, with one sailor serving as Skipper for all four rounds with no crew substitutions.

In order to focus the regatta on fun and decrease the stress of competition, the regatta is designed as a time-trial series rather than a fleet race.  You can get all the details on the Schiffsratten Blog or at the SrYC clubhouse in Pslande. There are no official judges and the team Start times are staggered. The ultimate regatta winner will be be the team with the lowest combined lap time total for all four races, with no ‘discards.’

NY30-TeaserSaturday’s opening event used the Blake Sea raceline  in Travertine. The course was a counterclockwise loop around Nautilus City, and the boats were powered by a 19 knot wind blowing from WSW (255°).

A total of five teams showed up to compete:

Cachondos Los Marinos – Skipper: Ralfo Rossini / Crew: Gaia Rhapsody
Dance Fanatics
 – Skipper: Jimboo Shelbyville / Crew: dustysamy Andretti
Hey Macho Man’s – Skipper: michiya Yoshikawa / crew: Silver Sands
Kazenojin Seiringu – Skipper: Chaos Mandelbrot / Crew: Jane Fossett
Vita Bella – Skipper: Armano Xaris / crew: Hay Ah


Any large regatta series can anticipate technical problems getting off the ground,   and this one proved no different. Since these were time trials, Chaos and I agreed to start first, testing out the sims and the course. Well, the old Travertine race line had other ideas, and it took us three attempts before we could finally coax a Start Time out of the taciturn target. 🙂 (Actually, we were grateful for the extra practice runs.)

Kudos to Hay Ah, who showed up later in the series and took charge of the race line dilemma. She sank the old one and rezzed a temporary one in it’s stead. It had that ‘new start-line smell.‘ 🙂

Kazenojin SeiringuAlthough the conditions were fairly good on the race course, Chaos and I sustained an early, rather severe crash. The skipper’s last words were “OMG, were going to hit a four-corner.” As usual, he was right and we did; as a consequence we were both squirted out of SL like a pair of watermelon seeds. That sidetrip sojourn and the subsequent sign-in and set-up sadly cost us six extra minutes…

The rest of the race actually went rather nicely, and it was pretty great tracking the other competition teams as they followed us, completing the circuit. However, on the final stretch to the Finish, the fates conspired against us. As discussed in my previous post, as we crossed Barbarossa we slammed head-on into a submerged mine. It cost us time, damaged our self-esteem, and will likely end up being a discussion point in future psychotherapy sessions.

RalfoPerhaps due to the head trauma incurred and the general disorientation, or maybe the fact we didn’t look at the map… we ended up with another problem. We sailed from Barbarossa straight across the finish line, missing the very last buoy (cough). All I can say is that it was a very-tiny-buoy indicated by very-tiny-letters on the very-tiny-chart shown above. 🙂

Actually, I admit it was the only buoy on that chart, so it probably should not have been that hard for us to see it. 🙂

Anyway, once we had crossed the Finish Line the mistake became apparent, and we discussed it at some vexatious length while waiting for the rest of the staggered teams to complete the course. I mean, I admit I’m not the brightest beacon in the fleet, but the fact that both Chaos and I forgot about the only mark on the course seemed a really silly screw-up. 🙂

Macho Man

Actually. our level of team embarrassment quickly got much worse as we watched the Macho Man and Dance Fanatic teams cross the line with great, nearly flawless runs. To his credit, Dance Fanatic’s skipper  Jimboo Shelbyville was even able to control himself; he only called Chaos and I “Losers!” once. 🙂

armanoHowever our mood suddenly improved a few moments later, when the Vita Bella and Los Cachondos Marinos teams came barreling across the Finish line. Both Armano and Ralfo forgot to round that last buoy too! (and remember, Ralfo made the chart 🙂 )

When all the boats were in and the salt spray cleared, it turned out that more than half the teams had messed it up. I’m not sure what that says about our collective skill, but the sailors on the buoy-less boats accepted their penalty time with humility, grace, and humor.

Here are the Official Round One time scores, as posted on the Schiffsratten Blog. It’s quite remarkable to note that  Armano Xaris and Hay Ah’s Vita Bella team finished in First Place, despite receiving a six minute penalty! Woots, thats pretty fast sailing! 🙂

All in all, the event was a good start to the Long Distance regatta series, full of great sailing, some harrowing moments, and lots of good laughs. And the best part is we get to do it again on February 9!


Schiffsratten NY30 Distance Race Starts February 2

banner ny30ldr

Two days ago Rossini Ralfo announced details for the New York 30 Long Distance Race. The regatta series will consist of four races, held on February 2nd, 9th, 23rd, and March 2nd. Trudeau New York 30 sailboats with a skipper and one crew are invited to compete.

Go read the details on the SrYC blog;
that’s where you’ll find the entry form too!


Solstice Challenge and Sail4Life

Now that the last boat is in and all the appeals are resolved, I get to do the fun part. I get to write about the individual races and teams, and show you who won and how they did it!

Before I get to that though, let me take a moment to remind everyone about the real purpose behind Solstice Challenge; it was a fundraiser to support SAIL4LIFE.


The American Cancer Society’s Relay for Life is a major fundraising event in real life, and in Second Life as well.
Since the first sailboats appeared in Linden water, sailors have taken an active role in RFL through fundraising events coordinated by their Sail For Life team.

Sail4Life 2005

The interest and commitment to Sail For Life has expanded and deepened over time, and this year under co-captains Aislin Keyes, Chad Sawson, and Fanci Beebe, S4L’s put together a full dance card of great events that should interest any resident of SL, whether they sail or not!

Solstice Challenge

The “New York 30 Solstice Challenge” regatta was a good example of the common commitment of many people here. For some time Dale Irata had planned a SAILstice event that weekend, coordinating it with similar activities in real life yacht clubs. Kentrock Messmer also wanted to stage a High Roller’s race regatta that day, repeating a very popular event from last year. While we all tried to come up with the best fit for the limited time available, Divine Providence interceded. Well, actually it was Jacqueline Trudeau. 🙂 Just as we were putting the event together, Trudeau Yachts launched a great new boat, the New York 30. Trudeau offered to give each of the S4L race teams a boat in return for their donation as a way to encourage participation and increase the number of contributions for the event. Her offer was remarkably generous, but it was quickly paralleled by commitments from several others to match the entry donations of the contestants.

courtesy of Dil Spitz

Well, the sailors came through, and we got our sixteen teams… but something surprising happened along the way. Estate owners and SL residents came up and offered to sponsor race teams and to match what the racers were all contributing. Francois Jacques and Vin Mariani raised the stakes even higher; they each offered to match the racer donations, but then they pledged to donate an additional 50% for any new match donations from that point on.

Wow, the response was pretty wonderful.

There were sixteen teams that each donated $L5,000 to race. In several cases sponsors jumped in to cover entry fees or made open-ended donations to the fleet, so no sailor was turned away because they couldn’t afford the entry.

Then thirteen wonderful residents and estate owners bellied up to the table to cheer on the fleet. They matched those team donations in large and small amounts. Their help and encouragement was the stuff that makes SL great, and they are guardian angels of the sailing community. Please give them a High-5 and a big hug when you see them!

Allie Tomsen, Armano Xaris, Charlz Price, David Wetherby, Elbag Gable, Francois Jacques, MarkTwain White, Nber Medici, Jane Fossett, Laycee Deed, OlOwl Magic, Taku Raymaker, and Vin Mariani.

Since we let sailors donate into any convenient kiosk, I can only tell you about the contributions I know of; if you think I’ve missed any, please let me know. Having said that, the weekend regatta raised $L80,000 from team entry donations, and $L477,000 from matching donors.

Francois and Vin matched a share of those donations with an extra $L150,500, and I’m happy to report that over half the race fleet were decked out in Woodstock teeshirts, triggering an additional donation from Fran for $L10,000.

The total donations for entry fees, matches, and tee shirt sponsors came to a rather glorious $L 717,500.

Now go look in the mirror and say thanks to yourself for such a fantastic display of kindness, generosity, and support for SAIL4LIFE.

Good job, SLSailing!

(Not bad for a weekend with your friends, playing with toy boats!)

Solstice Finals Appeal Ruling

courtesy of Dil Spitz – click to enlarge

by Kentrock Messmer and Jane Fossett

On June 26, the Race Committee granted Faster Pussycat an extraordinary appeal over the protest ruling in Race Four. Kentrock Messmer and Jane Fossett are the two appeals judges for this case, for reasons discussed in the Notice.

Trapez Breen (skipper of Faster Pussycat) made no complaint about any of the Solstice judging, and declined the offer of an appeal. Armano Xaris (skipper of New Horizon) and the Protest Committee both welcomed an Appeal review. They submitted notecards detailing their understanding of the protest event and the applicable Rules.

Last leg in red

Although Trapez Breen voiced no complaint, other members of the Faster Pussycat crew did, as detailed here, here, and here, and in many in-world discussions. The allegations are strongly worded, and could delegitimize the success of so many great sailors during the competition. In addition, it’s important to add that Trapez Breen and her Pussycats raced truly brilliantly in both the Qualifying heats and the Finals. If it were not for the disqualification in race four, they would have easily captured First Place. It’s important to make sure the judges called it right. The Finals race judges were Silber Sands (#1 judge), Joro Aya, Bea Woodget, and Samlara Vintner.

For these reasons, another review seemed well-justified.

The Protest Event

The protest occurred during the last leg of the race (highlighted in red on the above chart). As shown below, both boats were on a broad reach in Flat Hammock and Armano was clear astern of Trapez. In this situation Rule 12 applies, and Armano must keep clear. However, in the second image below, Armano next establishes overlap with Trapez from the Windward side. As soon as that occurs, Rule 12 switches off and Rule 11 kicks in. Armano is the windward boat, and he must keep clear.

The images below show this from another perspective, and demonstrate the two boats remained overlapped with roughly the same heading as they approached the finish line.

Joro Aya was the judge on the water; she also wrote the summary note card for the appeal review with the consensus support of the other three judges. Joro had a good view of the boats and commented on the tactics in this situation:

“Trapez now has a big tactical advantage. She is leeward and is not limited by Rule 17 because She did not come from clear astern when the overlap started. She could have luffed Armano all the way to hell and back if she had wanted to.”

Trapez remained on course however, and Armano slowly advanced on her windward side. Joro documents:

“Trap’s crew hails “up lee”, warning Armano to keep clear. Armano is still keeping clear, even steers up slightly and shortly to make sure.”

The appeals judges did angular measurements on the boat headings shown in each of the many pictures from this segment of the race, providing evidence that Armano did veer roughly 5° windward, but then came back on course when Trapez didn’t luff and both boats hit the “Zone.”

Joro summarized this part of the race for the protest group:

“The situation remained pretty much the same until the boats reached the markzone. During this time Trap was not once forced off her proper course and had room to steer both upwind and downwind if she chose to.”

The New York 30 is a relatively large boat, and the size of the Zone was a point of discussion in the race thread. Jane Fossett documented in the regatta Rules:

“Judges will use a two boat-length zone to resolve Rule 18 protests over ROW at racemarks. Rule 18 does not apply at start line marks, but will apply at the marks that define a GATE, except as stated in Rule 18.4.”

Head Judge Silber Sands added:

“Please note that rule 18 does not apply at start line marks BUT at finish line marks!”

These comments become directly relevant as both boats approach the East end of the finish line as shown above. The last two pictures in that sequence have both boats clearly in the zone. At that point Armano falls off by 5° in order to clear the green finish mark.

Joro summarized the race judge’s view:

“Both still on a port tack, nothing has changed except that it is now a rule 18 situation. Armano is inside and overlapped at the time the 1st boat (Trap) enters the zone. Trap must give Armano room to sail safely between her and the finish mark. Nothing more and nothing less.”

However, if you look at the last two ‘in the zone’ images above, the Pussycat boat actually heads up by 10°, cutting off any window for Armano to pass.

The pictures below show what happened next. Armano calls for Room! but his destiny is sealed; Trapez only turns away to avoid the debris after Armano slams into the buoy.

Joro again summarized the judges’ impression:

“Trap could have steered down to give Armano room and would have easilly won if she had done so. She could also have gybed away from Armano and would have also easily won the race.
BUT… she did neither. Armano hailed for mark room and Trap did nothing.”

That assessment by the protest committee seems amply confirmed by the multiple images documenting the incident, and by the direct observation of both current Appeals Judges who watched it happen.

At the end of the race, the protest committee concluded:

Armano – New Horizon tried to finish and broke rule 11 and 31 (and 14).
Trapez – Faster Pussycat broke rule 18.2b (and 14)
They exonerated Armano  for breaking rule 11 (as stated in rule 18.5) and for breaking rule 31 (as stated in rule 64.1c).
As there was no damage or injury, neither boat was penalized for rule 14
Trapez – Faster Pussycat was DSQ for breaking rule 18.

 Appeals Review Ruling

Kentrock Messmer and Jane Fossett are the appeals judges on behalf of the Solstice Challenge race committee.

After reviewing all of the available evidence, we concur with the decisions of the protest committee in each instance, and see no evidence supporting any other conclusion. Therefore, the results of race four are affirmed, and the appeal motion to overturn is denied.

Solstice Appeal

The Solstice Challenge Regatta held four qualifying events in different time slots on Saturday, June 23. The winners of those four timeslot race groups all advanced to a final race series on Sunday, June 24 in Sailors Cove.

That added up to 25 races involving 16 boats, and each boat could hold as many as five sailors. It was great fun, and a large number of sailors, spectators, and plain-old good friends came to the events and watched the competition.

The sailing conditions were very good over the weekend as well; only a few of the qualifying races were disrupted by grid problems or crashing boats, and the fleet took it in stride. During the Finals on Sunday there was significant lag in Plum Gut, the starting sim. This was certainly no surprise, given the fact that each of the four boats had four or five sailors aboard, and a large crowd was clustered on the perimeter of the starting area watching the boats cross the line.

The race teams all took this in stride, however. after all, this was certainly not the first nor the last big race for them. These teams were real pros. 🙂

Courtesy of Dil Spitz

As further evidence of the wonderful knowledge and experience of the fleet, in each of the four final heats a number of protests were called, involving a variety of Race Rules. The protest committee (Silber Sands (#1 Judge), Joro Aya, Bea Woodget, and Samlara Vintner) had their hands full as they efficiently – and expertly – adjudicated the protests and weighed the penalties.

After two hours of racing, the first-place slot came down to an incredibly exciting,  photo-finish duel between NEW HORIZON (skippered by Armano Xaris)  and FASTER PUSSYCAT (skippered by Trapez Breen).

Although I’ve already posted the race times, you may have to wait another day or two to find out who truly won. Just as the lead boats crossed the Finish line, NEW HORIZON protested PUSSYCAT and Armano’s protest was allowed by the Judges. The sailors aboard FASTER PUSSYCAT loudly disagreed with that ruling however, and moved to Appeal the judge’s decision.

Protest appeals are fairly common in RL sailboat racing, and they often happen in major SLSailing regattas as well. Given all the time, effort and enthusiasm invested by the competing teams, it made sense to give this protest a second look and affirm or reverse the protest committee’s original decision.

So, with the unanimous agreement of the Solstice Race Committee and Finals Protest Committee, the following notice was released yesterday:


The Solstice Race Committee grants the Triumphal Yacht Club team FASTER PUSSYCATS KEEL KEEL the right to an extraordinary appeal in Finals Race #4.

In yesterday’s Finals fourth heat, Trapez Breen and Armano Xaris were involved in a protest event on the last leg as they approached the Finish line.
The Judges considered the protests, and ruled in favor of Armano’s NEW HORIZONS. PUSSYCATS was scored ‘DSQ.’ 
 However, sailors aboard PUSSYCATS immediately asked to appeal the judges’ finding.

For this Regatta, the Appeals Committee consists of members of the Race Committee that are present for a given heat and available to hear the appeal motion.
In this case, Kentrock and Jane are both members of the Race Committee and were also present ‘on the water’ during heat #4.
They witnessed the event-in-question and heard the judge’s discussion. However, neither Kentrock nor Jane were judges for yesterday’s regatta.

As Regatta Chair, I rule that Jane Fossett made an error yesterday by not formally hearing PUSSYCAT’s Appeal. 

The Race Committee/ Appeals Judges will correct that error now, and hear the appeal this week.
Kentrock and Jane will represent the full Race Committee in that process.

Here is how we will manage the hearing: In the next 24hr, each skipper will submit a notecard to Jane Fossett explaining his/her understanding of the event-in-question, the protest, and the race rules as they apply.

The Finals Race Judges will also submit a notecard on their rulings in this instance.

Kentrock and Jane will then review that information.
They will also consider the material already posted online about this protest, the transcripts from all the chat threads during the race,
and the opinions of sailors as needed.

Kent and Jane will then post an Appeal decision.

« Last Edit: June 26, 2012, 10:04:37 PM by jane fossett »

Solstice Challenge Begins

Click to enlarge

Today the S4L Solstice Challenge officially opened, with a Regatta Party hosted by Elbag Gable in Eden Celebration sim. The event was rather wondrous, and well-deserved Kudos go to Elbag and all the great people in Eden, North Sea, and Fruit Islands!

And what a party it was! The first hour was a rather incredible lightshow by Tyrehl. It was so popular that at one point a full 67 people were crowded into the sim! (I didn’t think that was possible!)

courtesy of Dil Spitz

The second hour was a performance by Lightning’s ABBA tribute in SL, held at the Eden concert stage. It was a pretty fantastic kick-off to the weekend of sailboat racing coming up!

Chaos slept through it 🙂

As most readers know, Solstice Challenge is a weekend race regatta to raise contributions for Relay For Life, one of the major SL fundraisers. There are sixteen great teams sailing in SOLSTICE, and each paid a donation “entry fee” to join the race. Many others in the sailing community then generously chipped in too, matching the racer’s contributions or paying to sponsor boats, greatly increasing the fundraising total.

The response has been pretty great so far, but hey, you can still donate any time you want over the weekend to support your favorite team or the whole fleet. There will be Sail4Life kiosks at all the spectator platforms for each race!

Here’s a list of the teams that will be racing on Saturday in four timeslots. Each qualifying event is hosted by a different SL Yacht Club, and the timeslot fleet will sail that club’s home water. The four timeslot winners will then meet on Sunday morning in Sailors Cove for a FINALS shootout to pick the regatta winner!

click to enlarge

Solstice Challenge Weekend!

Click to enlarge

Woots! Here we go!

The Solstice Challenge S4L fundraiser kicks off on Friday, June 22 with a wonderful party hosted by Elbag Gable in Eden Celebration. It begins with a Big Bang, courtesy of a massive fireworks show that should get the race skippers excited for the upcoming competition!

That will then blend in to a performance by SL’s Lightning ABBA tribute. 🙂 This should be something great; please come and celebrate Sail4Life’s Solstice Regatta!

New York State Of Mind

Trudeau launches New York Thirty

Over a century ago, on October 6, 1904 the New York Yacht Club passed a resolution to develop a new one design class for club races. They wanted …a wholesome, seaworthy craft free from freak features.” 🙂

The charge was given to Nathaniel Herreshoff, who in short order came up with a design that met NYYC’s specifications for a 30ft LOW keel sloop. An original set of 18 “Thirties” was delivered a few months later, and the boats were an instant hit.

There were 51 recorded races for the NY30 fleet in that first season!

The boats proved very well-balanced, and gained a reputation for “no-reefing” even in high wind conditions. Affection for the class continued to grow, and even 30 years after its introduction, Gerhardi Davis gushed that the NY30 was:

“…without question the most successful,
as well as the most famous one design class
of yachts ever created.”

Now the NY30 class is more than a century old, but the respect still remains, and the passion of those that sail her burns bright.

How passionate? Well, in 2007 Amorita (NY30 #9) suffered catastrophic damage in a race collision and sank dead away in the ocean under her crew. Amorita’s sailors refused to give her up though, and the story of the accident, recovery, and restoration is recounted in a documentary that will premiere in Newport on June 26.

However, if you can’t make it to Newport this summer, or if your club-racing dancecard is already filled up, no worries. This weekend Second Life’s Trudeau Yachts launched the New York 30 for grid sailors, and to quote Jacqueline Trudeau, it’s “A Helluva Boat!” 🙂 Let me give you some details below.

Body by Trudeau

OK, if you sail in SL, you already know that Trudeau boats are renowned for their real-world accuracy, detail and innovation. The New York 30 continues that long-standing tradition.

Like prior Trudeau builds, this one is not intended to precisely re-create the physical dimensions of the real-life boat. Instead, the goal was to convey the perception of a New York 30, whether you’re sitting on a mooring or under sail in high wind.

click to enlarge

In SL, the boat is good-sized, measuring 47ft (14.3m) LWL. In addition to the skipper, it can carry four crew, and three of those crewmembers can help balance the boat by hiking. As usual, all crew can help trim the sails through shared HUDs, and the owner can share the boat with an unlimited number of friends by listing them on the Settings note card.

Although it only weighs 32 prim, the build is remarkably detailed and full-featured. For example, just take a look at simple fixtures, such as the turnbuckles, stays, and even the mast boot. This vessel was built by someone who knows and loves old boats!

click to enlarge

But don’t stop there; make sure you also check out the jaw on the gaff. It’s a great reproduction of the original NY30 design, as shown in the inset below.

click to enlarge

The NY30 has another, trademark Herreshoff feature: a cabin-top hatch with raised and angled glass panes that catch the light. As you can see in the comparison below, Trudeau got this feature dead-on right as well. Old Nate would be proud!

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NY30 Cabin

For such a low-prim, high performance boat, the large cabin is a real surprise. It contains multiple berths plus ample bench-space.

click to enlarge

The non-sailing animations are all quite nicely done, too. This is a boat you can live aboard!  In fact, compared to the last Trudeau with a non-attachment cabin (the venerable Knockabout), the New York 30 seems rather luxurious. 🙂

click to enlarge

Bump Tests

Okok, let’s get back to the boat-build and kick the tires a bit. 🙂

Since there’s often a mismatch in SL between the visible boat you can see and the underlying shape of the sculpted prims that make it up, I usually do ‘bump tests’ to check the collision boundary for a boat. This usually just entails banging the boat into things, and I admit I’m pretty good at that. 🙂

As you can see above, the bow hits a prim wall when the hull contacts it. The bowsprint is phantom and goes through.

A phantom bowsprint is a feature on a number of other sailboats in SL, and it’s a reasonable compromise.

The NY30 has a huge boom, so you’ll be happy to know it’s also phantom while sailing. In the image to the right, the boom quietly passed straight through the Linden buoy to port.

The bump story gets a bit more complicated when you consider the undersurface of the hull, however. As shown below, the boat hits objects 1-2 meters deep at a point noticeably in front of the visible boat.

The explanation for this is simple. The sculptie hull is based on an underlying spheroid prim, as shown below, and the boat’s collision cage corresponds to that spheroid shape. This should not present any problem when racing or cruising.


The build and textures for New York 30 and other Trudeau boats are fully modifiable. It’s particularly nice for sailors who want to live aboard the boat or personalize its appearance.

A good starting place is the Trudeau website, where you can get PSD templates for the NY30 sails, hull, and nameplate.


The boat comes with two sails, a large gaff-rigged main and a standard-size jib. Each sail can be independently controlled by the skipper or crewmembers using chat commands or the Trudeau HUD.

True to the RL NY30, the boat lacks a spinnaker. However, when sailing a downwind run the jib can be ‘winged’ to add a substantial power boost.

Here’s a chart showing NY30’s boat speed with a 10 m/s breeze at various real wind angles. The results are for a solo sailor sitting on the windward side with both sails trimmed to 1/2 the wind angle. The Red and Black data points are from Jane Fossett, and the Green results are from Bunnie Mills, who independently ran the same tests. The two curves almost perfectly overlap!

The chart shows that NY30’s fastest point of sail is a beam reach with a boat speed that’s 65-70% of real wind speed. Performance falls off as the boats’ heading moves progressively downwind however; at RWA 140° the boat only does 40% of RWS.

Winging the jib (shifting it to the side opposite the main) is a particularly effective way to boost performance on a downwind run (RWA 160° to 180°), increasing boat speed by 25- 50%.


The above boat speed predictions are just guidelines, and are likely only valid for specific wind and crew conditions. There are many other factors that affect boat performance. Probably the biggest of these is boat heel.

As wind intensity picks up, a sailboat tends to go faster. At the same time, the force of the wind against the sail torques the boat leeward,  and the sails become less efficient. As the wind increases further, the combination of hydrodynamic and heeling effects prevents the boat from going any faster, and extreme gusts can even stop the boat cold by swamping or capsizing it.

A similar thing happens in NY30 with increasing wind speed. The blue line in the chart below shows boat speed as a function of increasing wind speed while sailing a fixed RWA. Between RWS= 1.0 m/s to 8.0 m/s there’s a near linear correlation. However, with a skipper sailing solo, beyond that point a stronger wind will just cause increased boat heel but no acceleration. If you add even more wind, the boat will heel so far it essentially “swamps.” Even though the sails are optimally adjusted, the boat stops dead in the water at an extreme angle.

In most new Trudeau boats including NY30 a skipper can counteract this effect to some extent by shifting weight Windward and trying to bring the boat back into neutral balance, as shown in the blue line below. The red line in that chart shows what happens when the skipper sits on the wrong side, the leeward side. Because the heel is more excessive, it reaches a maximum speed sooner and swamps earlier. 🙂

NY30 sails fastest when heel= 0°. With increasing wind however, a solo skipper can’t keep the boat balanced, and in my hands the boat starts to swamp at an angle of 19° to 26°. It should take a real wind speed of 11-14 m/s to see that effect, depending on the relative wind angle.

The graphic on the right shows my point: with RWS= 12 and the skipper sitting lee, NYC30 heels 25° and the boat stalls in the water!! (BS=0.5 m/s).

In prior Trudeau boats you could adjust for excess heel by shortening sail (Reefing). However, in real life the New York 30 is rather notorious for its ability to handle strong weather without a reef, so J. Trudeau removed that option in the SL version of the boat too. 🙂

Trim Tactics

So how do you handle strong winds in NY30?
You luff and spill wind!

The boat stalls when a strong gust causes it to heel sharply, so the best tactic is to keep an eye on the heel angle, and luff your sails to spill wind whenever the heel is excessive. If you spill wind, the boat will upright and you’ll get going again!

Here’s an example below with a strong 14 m/s wind. In the left image the sails are correctly trimmed, but the boat is heeling badly and stalled in the water (BS 0.2 m/s). In the right image, I’ve let out the sheet 20° and the sails are luffing. Despite that, the boat is righting itself and starting to accelerate back on course!

What’s the optimum balance between Luff and Trim? Well, you’ll have to figure that out yourself based on conditions, but I’m guessing the key thing is to watch that heel angle.


Talking about heel is a great segue for the final topic here about hiking the NY30. As any sailor knows, hiking is the cure for a bad heel. 🙂

The skipper at the helm has limited hike options; they can sit on the Leeward or Windward side of the cockpit. Nonetheless, Skipper position has a big influence. In the example below,when sailing a beam reach with RWS 10, the best boat speed (5.3 m/s) occurs when the skipper sits windward and counterbalances the heel. When the skipper sits leeward the heel exacerbates and boat speed drops by more than a third.

The next graphic below shows the magnitude of the impact a skipper has on heel angle. With both sails down and no wind effect, a solo skipper can shift the boat angle by 2.6° in either direction. Since you can’t sail without a skipper :-), sitting on the correct side adds up to a 5.2° heel difference.

I guess 5.2° is important, but a solo skipper can only have a limited impact on boat heel when truly strong winds begin to blow.

Thankfully, the New York 30 is built for active crew that can help sail the boat. In addition to the skipper there three crew stations where each sailor can jump across six unique hiking positions to balance the boat. The graphic below shows a skipper and one crew going through all the positions; you can see the changes in the boat angle for each move.

P-0: Skipper port, no crew
P-P3: Skipper port, crew at Port 3
P-P2: Skipper port, crew at Port 2
P-P1: Skipper port, crew at Port 1
P-S1: Skipper port, crew at Starb 1
P-S2: Skipper port, crew at Starb 2 
P-S3: Skipper port, crew at Starb 3
S-S3: Skipper Starb, crew at Starb 3  

The chart below shows the net heel affect of the skipper and one crew at each of the above positions. It turns out that the skipper affect is roughly twice as great as a crew member sitting in the cockpit, but the crew’s influence gets more substantial as they hike further out. Sitting on the rail (P3 or S3), a crew member influences heel as much as the skipper.

Given the fact this boat has three active hiking positions, a full crew could easily work together to keep NY30 balanced and on course, even under virtual Force Ten conditions.


In summary, I think Jacqueline Trudeau’s done it once again. She’s created a sailboat that brings to life the fun, excitement, and sheer beauty of Herreshoff’s 1905 New York 30.

A century ago New York Yacht Club commissioned the initial Thirty fleet as club boats, boats that friends could cruise together on, or sail off to battle for a few hours on a summer evening at a local race line…

For me the Trudeau NY30 embodies that same sense of tradition and friendly community. The cabin is large enough to accommodate a regatta party, with enough space and animations to let your friends sleep over when they miss the last launch ashore.

Under sail, the boat has ‘team’ in mind. It’s a great sailboat, with many wonderful Trudeau features, but the boat truly springs to life when you fill those three crew spots with friends, hand them sail gloves, and together cast off into a stiff breeze and choppy seas for a few hours of fun.

click to enlarge

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