Monthly Archives: December 2007

Kazenojin Blesses the Fleet

Sunday’s Big-Boat Race last evening was graced with a rare cameo appearance by Cybrid Keats, one of SL Sailing’s legendary Kazenojin.

Happy Holidays, Cybrid!

Tako Tricks

This article was originally posted December 15th, 2007 on

You get to the start line late, you rez your boat and jump in.  The clock starts and you raise sail, but suddenly you realize something’s wrong; you don’t have race wind! So you flounder around, clicking on the windsetter, crisscrossing the start line, re-rezzing your boat, or even resetting your scripts. Eventually something works and you’re able to join the next race. Then two weeks later… the same thing happens again. What’s going on? Is there a boat problem, a wind problem, or a Tako problem? Did your “SL partner” think you sail too much and sabotage your boat? Such serious questions demand further investigation.

Cynthia Centaur's new WindsetterOver the past week we’ve been testing Cynthia Centaur’s new Windsetter on the NYC race line (Thank you, Cynthia!). I guess that started me thinking about the above issues and how they relate to Tako race wind. In case you don’t read this column frequently ( a fact that would imply you have a meaningful existence elsewhere) let me begin my comments by offering a disclaimer: I actually spend most of my cortical functioning just trying to spell correctly, and I think UNIX are people who need hormone replacement. I’m probably not your best authority on this topic.

Despite that, I’m starting to think there is an issue with Tako race wind, possibly a serious one.

I’m not being critical of the Tako; God forbid. A creation of Kanker Greenacre, the Tako is the true essence of SL Sailing, and whole generations of sailcraft were inspired by, modeled after, or genetically cloned from the Tako. The code for early versions of the Tako are now in the public domain, although the current Tako 3.3 code remains proprietary.

So what am I so worked up about then?

Well, the windsetter, start line, and Tako sailboat all need to work together for a successful race. However, sometimes this menage a trois suffers from communication breakdowns and illicit outside relationships (just like RL). To explain how this sordid tale unfolds, perhaps we should back up a bit and very quickly discuss how race wind works.

The windsetter has a single job .  Every few seconds it shouts out a string of wind parameters. If you go within whisper range of a windsetter and type “/44 settings” you’ll see what the Windsetter is transmitting. As I write this, the NYC Bismark Sea Windsetter is broadcasting the NYC default wind, so I just got this reply:

SLSF Race Wind Setter (predefs) shouts: dir: 5, spd: 11.000000, dir+-: 15, spd+-: 3.000000, rate: 1.000000A Tako listens for this message. When it gets within shouting distance of the windsetter it picks up the race wind values which are then used by the Tako’s motion algorithm to power the boat. (For a wonderful discussion about how sailboats use wind power in RL and SL, please attend M1sha Dallin’s excellent Sailing Skills class.)

As I said, the windsetter shouts the parameters every few seconds so any Tako in the vicinity is repeatedly updated. That  changes when the Tako is in a race.

Most race courses cover many sims far away from the original Windsetter, and the racing boats may pass other windsetters that could confuse the race boats.  To make sure all Takos keep the same wind for the duration of a race, the Tako is scripted to stop listening for wind updates when the boat crosses the line and registers a START time. It then uses the last race wind it heard for the duration of the race until it crosses a line and receives a FINISH time. When that happens, the boat starts listening again for new wind updates.

This system is pretty good in many ways. For example, if you are half-way through an important race and crash offline, when you log back in and rez your boat in its last position on the course the boat still remembers the race wind settings. That means you can go ahead and finish the race without a disqualification.

Unfortunately, the way a Tako handles race wind can produce problems.  As I just mentioned, if a boat stops in mid-race due to a crash or the skipper’s ennui, unless that copy of the boat  is actively deleted it will probably end up back in the sailor’s Inventory.  Although the boat will be listed like any other Tako in Inventory, it isn’t. That Tako still retains the old race wind settings, and the wind it uses cannot be reset until that boat receives a FINISH time from a race line.

Let me demonstrate this for you. Yesterday I took my Tako to Hollywood and sailed across the SYC race line. The line gave me a START time. I then moored in front of the Hollywood Marine Mall and did some shopping. When I came out, I un-rezzed my boat and went back to the NYC Clubhouse.

However, when I rezzed that Tako on the NYC race line in Bismark Sea, I still had SYC Race Wind! (Mirabile dictu!)

I started the race clock and sailed over the line; as usual, the line gave me a START time. I sailed around using the counterfeit SYC wind for a few minutes then returned to the NYC line, as shown in “A” below. I still had SYC wind, but as soon as I crossed the line and received a FINISH time, my wind popped back to the NYC default (”B“); my Tako had started listening again.

I had “tricked” my Tako to use the wrong wind settings.

Why am I wasting time talking about this? Well, because I’m pretty sure the “Wrong Wind Tako” problem is more common than we appreciate, and interferes with many races. There is no way a sailor can tell what race wind a Tako is actually using, so unintended errors could easily go unnoticed. All skippers and Race Directors do the same thing: they watch the boats and the sails, looking for something unusual. Since nearly all fleet races use wind settings that include speed and direction variance, a sailor can only detect a problem if the boat’s “bad wind” is very different from the intended race wind settings.

This might be a particular problem at NYC’s Bismark Sea line. NYC’s new Windsetter at the moment has two ‘predefs’ that skippers often switch between. The only difference between the ‘default’ and ‘hotlaps’ settings is the speed and direction variability. For the reasons discussed above, it’s easy to  assume that race boats may end up  using the wrong wind, despite the diligence and good intent of the skipper. The difference between the predefs is too small to notice easily.

Since the effect overrides the local race wind, it could also be exploited by someone trying to cheat in a Tako race.  I’m not overly concerned about it, however. I’m sure the best SL sailboat racers know a dozen ways to cheat, but they don’t. They understand SL Sailboat Racing isn’t about winning some pixel prize. They realize it’s an exciting test of skill, experience, knowledge and determination. From that vantage point, cheating is just a waste of time.

The real problem with the “Wrong Wind Tako” effect is that it can easily happen unintentionally and probably goes unnoticed unless the wind setting difference is large. It becomes a source of confusion and error in fleet races and hotlaps.

How to fix the Wrong Wind problem? I discussed this with Cory Copeland last evening, and he agreed there might be a simple solution. Before a race, all boats should do a practice run. The boats cross the start line, sail for at least one minute, then return and get a FINISH time. That would ensure all racing Takos are listening to the windsetter and using the right wind.

Turning in the Widening Gyre


Initially published on, December 11th, 2007.

I love watching the Sunday Big-Boat Races at NYC. From high above you get a truly remarkable view of the tall ships as they maneuver over the race course, jockeying back and forth for position. But that’s not really what I want to talk about today. I want to talk about something much more serious… The End of the World.

courtesy of D. Spitz

The first leg of nearly every race at NYC is an upwind beat from the Bismark Sea start line that crosses Bougainville Strait and proceeds into New Georgia Sound. The course is limited on starboard by Vella Lavella Island and on port by the End of the World (EOW). As shown in the diagram below, it usually takes a few tacks to make it to the first mark.

Since this narrow, upwind leg happens immediately after boats cross the start line, several boats are commonly in a parallel, overlapped position as they get close to end of each tack. Under ISF Rule 19 (room to tack at an obstruction), if a skipper is heading toward a fixed object (like Vella Lavella Island) and can’t maneuver because another boat is blocking the way, the skipper can demand that the blocking boat change course and provide necessary room to avoid a collision.

End of the World at NYC

However, except for Christopher Columbus, few RL sailors ever need to contend with the End of the World. The EOW is unique to SL waters, and it often does not act like a fixed obstruction, since objects (including boats) can bounce off the EOW edge without loss of momentum. The problem of how to handle the EOW is an ongoing discussion on the Forum, where opinions vary. Myrrh Massiel argues that Rule 19 does not apply, since:

“The only limitation imposed by an edge-of-world is constraining a boat’s movement to 180 degrees of arc.

Any boat whose root prim origin point reaches the edge-of-world can still sail freely and at full speed on any tack parallel to or within the sim border, even while maintaining full contact. Any boat whose root prim origin point reaches the edge-of-world can still freely alter course, gybe, heel, etcet, to full effect – even if the transom, bow, mast, boom, or crew extend well beyond the edge-of-world in the process.

Tacks beyond an edge-of-world still maintain their full velocity component parallel to the sim edge, with no friction or maneuverability penalty.

Additionally, edges-of-world are much more difficult to gauge visually from any distance, and are easily confused with conventional sim borders, particularly on slow-res days.

This makes for a fundamentally different navigation challenge than conventional hazardous obstructions, far more vague and far more forgiving, both.”

Agreeing with Myrrh, Mark Twain White offerred a more succint, and curiously tautological opinion that “Land is land, and the End of the World isn’t.”

The issue came up again in the Rules for the Tako Cup 2007, where MarkTwain handled the unique nature of the EOW by deciding:

In Tako Cup fleet races there will be an imaginary (or actual) line 20 meters from the edge of the EOW. All rules are turned off in that zone and any boat venturing into that zone does so at its own peril.

NYC continues to use the 20m “zone” ruling for many fleet races, including the Big-Boat series. To illustrate the point, the following picture (A) is from last week’s race, showing three Larinda Schooners fresh off the start line and heading towards the EOW and the first tack point. Gemma Vuckovic is in the lead, with Hpathe Boucher just windward and overlapping Gemma’s stern; Har Dyrssen brings up the rear, in hot pursuit.

In A, Gemma’s getting near the EOW and wants to tack so she can continue beating upwind towards the mark. At that moment, Gemma is leeward to Hpathe and she has Right of Way. Unfortunately, under the ISF and SL Sailing windward/ leeward Rules, Gemma can’t force Hpathe to tack; she only has the right to luff Hpathe into the wind. If the SL Sailing Rules actually considered the EOW to be an obstruction, Gemma could demand Room! and tack to avoid hitting it under Rule 19.


Watch what Gemma does next here:

In B and C below, Gemma just crosses the line into the 20m zone defined by MarkTwain above. According to the recent Tako Cup decision, within that 20m gap Gemma is in an End-of-World twilight zone without rules where, to quote Yeats, ”things fall apart, the centre cannot hold, mere anarchy is loosed upon the world …and everywhere the ceremony of innocence is drowned.”

(OK, OK; maybe that overstates the case just a bit…)

In any event, in the Zone Gemma’s got no rules, so she can bring her boat about. As the pictures show, the instant she’s across the line she spins the helm and skillfully flips sail onto to a port tack. More important, she audaciously does that directly in front of Hpathe, within inches of his bowsprint. Hpathe is forced to slam the helm over hard, straining to avoid a collision. He makes it clear, but the forced maneuver causes him to fall astern and leeward of Gemma, as shown in G.

EOW b c

Nice sailing, Gemma!

Although the “20m no-rules zone“ is a pragmatic solution to the EOW rules issue, I think most sailors would agree it is a pretty uncomfortable fix, and it sidesteps several of the real issues and problems the EOW presents. For example, two key points that need further discussion are:

Since under some conditions a boat can bounce off the EOW border without loss of momentum, is it legal for a sailor to use that effect to speed turns while racing? and

Since under some conditions a boat can ’scrape along’ the EOW edge (set a heading for wind= 35, for example, and push against the EOW edge to force the boat along a more windward course), is it legal to ‘game’ the EOW and completely avoid tacking in a race? And (grin) if you think all this sounds too serious, let me add Pensive Mission’s question from the Forum, which was never adequately answered:

Does Rule 19 apply if Pensive’s Tako hits an extra-slippery iceberg on shock absorbers? (believe me, these issues keep me awake at night)

If you think about it, since “anything goes,” problems #1 and #2 are made worse by the 20m EOW free-fire zone ruling in Tako Cup 2007.

On the other hand, if went back and just considered the EOW to be an ordinary ”obstruction,” then under Rule 19 and possibly Rule 14 (Avoiding Contact) it’s pretty clear that hitting the EOW for any reason would be a no-no. A boat that intentionally hits the EOW or causes another boat to hit it would be subject to a penalty call.

Actually, treating the EOW as a regular obstruction would even answer Pensive’s iceberg question. (Hey Pensive? That iceberg? Bad idea! Stay clear!)

I think SL sailors agree we should always try to adapt RL sailing rules and methods to SL in the most direct and simple manner possible. By that standard, the big dark blue thing north of Bismark and Bougainville? Call it what you will… but it looks like an obstruction to me. If you apply that same “Simple, direct, real” standard, in my view Myrrh’s opinion above, the one where she argues the ‘EOW is not an obstruction,’ well… in my view her opinion falls flat. Let me hasten to say I think her arguments are very well taken and I think they are, indeed, valid. However… I think her points are focused on technical issues and ‘gaming’ the system. Concern over such issues is important, but I think it makes far more sense for us to concentrate on our real goal; a world-wide sailing community that join together to construct and critique a sailing emulation. That’s the goal, as we all share jokes and tinker with ideas to adapt the ISF Rules in a way that fits the emulation framework.

Oh, geez… I forgot…

one final thing… that race above with Gemma, Har, and Hpathe?

It was full of great sailing and tacking duels. Har Dyrssen went on to win that race, but that’s a story for another day.

courtesy of D. Spitz

Bend It Like Beckersted

This article was originally posted to on Dec 11, 2007

On Friday afternoon Bismark Sea was awash with Tako sails as the usual suspects once again converged on the NYC start line for Friday “Last Call” Tako Races.

As usual, the group of diehard sailors was pretty impressive:  Oliphant Ming, Liv Leigh, YumYum Divisidero, Jeff Abruzzo, Hpathe Boucher, Francois Jacques, AiLi Ling, Chaos Mandelbrot, and Svar Beckersted all bellied up as the Race Fleet du jour, completing four races on the old NYC B-1A course.

Today, however, I’m only going to tell you about the first race. In fact, I’m mostly going to tell you about just one sailor: Svar Beckersted.  As your faithful reporter here,  I usually follow the race boats  from high over the course, looking down to see where the boats are headed and the tactics of the skippers at the helm.  On Friday in the first race, Svar Beckersted’s toreador performance was so impressive and so much fun to watch that halfway through I found myself jumping up from my chair, clapping my hands, and shouting at my computer screen: “GOOOOO SVARRRR!! WOOOT!” Unfortunately, I was in a public place at the time.  Starbucks nearly revoked my coffee card for disorderly conduct, and all the other patrons in the place looked at me as though I needed more medication, while slowly moving far away from my table…

Anyway, let’s not discuss my personal life; let’s get back to Svar.

Svar Beckersted is a Race Director for Starboards Yacht Club, which has, by far, the largest and most innovative sailing program in Second Life.  His long history of knowledge and dedication to SL Sailing is unquestioned, and his racing skill and accomplishments are well known.  I won’t bore you (nor embarass Svar) by listing all the stuff, but, while watching Svar sail on Friday I was reminded of a night last Spring when a few of us were sitting on the NYC dock watching the stars.  Diligent as ever, I was there reading off Svar’s incredible Hotlaps scores to Cory Copeland. Half-way through, Cory’s eyes welled with tears, so I stopped. It was obviously too much to take.  Svar set the gold standard for anybody in a Tako. We were left in wonderment, gazing at the stars.

Things move pretty quickly around here though, and several months is a very long time. Like many athletes at the pinacle of their athletic careers, Svar’s attention turned to other projects where he could express his interests and creative enthusiasm. Always thinking on a grand scale, he began an enormous development project to bring civilization to the vast, uncharted regions of the Southwest USS-SL. His creative determination resulted in SL’s Bella Lavella Island, a natural paradise that extends across nine sims. Once he carved his home from the heart of the tropical wilderness, he made it complete by marrying his sweetheat, Sallysue Cahill. Whenever I think of this tale… in fact, whenever I look at Svar and Sallysue, I get this image of Charlton Heston and Eleanor Parker carving a plantation out of the Amazon rainforest in The Naked Jungle (except without all the killer ants). This so romantic, my glasses are fogging up, so let me get back to talking about sailing here….

Given all of his new interests and responsibilities, Svar generously allowed other sailors to enter the spotlight and take his place among the top seeds on the racing circuit. However, if you were ever foolish enough to think Svar might have ‘lost his racing groove,’ as it were, the first race on Friday would set you straight. Let’s take a look at what ensured there.

As I said, there was a large crowd of pretty great sailors Friday doing the NYC B-1A course. As you can see below, Hpathe Boucher’s red Tako made it across the start line first.  He was in good position, cutting the middle of the line on a starboard tack with  a clear path in front of him as he began the series of windward beats across Bougainville Strait. Oliphant Ming was second across, using his signature port-tack start. Oli’s port tack is a risky gambit if other boats are close behind him. However, in this case, Svar Beckersted was considerably arrear in the third position, and Oli roared off unimpeded.

Most good sailors who race a routine course like NYC B-1A will tell you that “the start is the thing.” If you win the start, you should usually win the whole race. By that dictum, even though he was only in third place, Svar was already in the wastebarrel, far behind the lead boats, when he crossed the start line at +9:00 seconds:

The next picture pretty much confirms that opinion. As you can see, Oli and HB have now caught up with each other and are sailing a parallel, overlapped course as they get close to the next tack point. A new sailor looking at this picture might conclude that Oli and HB are neck-and-neck without any obvious advantage. However, a closer look shows that Oli maneuvered into this position intentionally, and was probably grinning ear-to-ear at the time I took this picture. Oli is in a perfect position to blanket HB’s wind, just as they go into the tight end-of-world zone and prepare to tack.

Often the wind-blanket advantage of the windward boat is limited, because the leeward boat in this situation has right-of-way. The lee boat could potentially head up.  However, in this case HB really wants to do more than that; he wants to come about and change tack to continue on course to the first mark. He can’t do that, because SL Sailing rules only give the leeward boat rights to luff. HB can’t force Oli to change tack.

Things actually get worse. They are about to enter the 20 m ‘warning area’ near the Edge of the World (EOW).  If the rules considered the EOW an ‘obstruction,’  HB might reasonably insist he needs to tack to avoid a collision, and then demand that Oli get out of his way. Unfortunate for HB, after many long discussions in the Forum, the current SL Sailing convention is that the EOW is not a classic racing obstruction. in fact, within the 20m zone all rules are off. It’s the Wild West, on a 20m scale. Bottom line: Oli’s about to flatten HB, and HB has few options to stop him.

If you have any doubts,here’s what it looked like a few seconds later:

As you can see, powered by a full dose of race wind, Oli’s now completed his tack and is several boat lengths ahead of HB, who is essentially lying dead in the water, trying to get going again.  HB  is a great sailor and a wonderful person. However, today was just not his day on the water;  if you feel sorry for him now, just watch what happens next.

Remember that pretty boat in third place, the one with Beckersted at the tiller? He may still look far behind in the above picture, but let me tell you he was closing the gap fast, and HB was sitting there like a deer caught in Svar’s headlights.

The picture to the left shows what happened next.

Svar expertly rode in full tilt across HB’s bow. If you look at the bottom of the picture you can see the position of the “EOW Zone” boundary, so it’s not certain whether the rules apply. Even under the rules, however, Svar is maintaining a course with a starboard tack and HB is either mid-tack, dead in the water, or just ‘in the Zone.” With any of those conditions, SB has right-of-way.

SB is following the “best course” he wants to follow anyway, but with a few tiny adjustments here he takes HB’s wind, prevents him from tacking, and actually forces HB into the Sim Wall at the Mystical End Of the World.

That’s a pretty neat maneuver, Skipper Beckersted.

Now I don’t know about you, but if I did this in a race, at this point I’d kindly accept second place and start writing home to Mom about the great racing block I just did. But  Sportsfans? Svar was just loosening up here, getting a rhythm going… the best was yet to come.

The image below shows the setup two seconds later. HB slammed into the EOW, but Svar’s was not even looking anymore. Remarkably, within those two seconds, SB had changed tack with such deliberate precision that Oli’s transom now fell square dead center in the Beckersted gunsite.

Oli has enormous skill and wisdom sailing SL, and he probably was justified thinking he had a free ride home and was heading for first place after he punched out HB. You can imagine Oli then looking over his shoulder to see Svar steaming down on him. I’d love to know what Oli mutterred to himself then!

They both stay on course, and a few seconds later, as shown below, Svar’s bow lines up with Oli’s transom.

Svar is about to move into a windward, overlapped position stealing the air. In WWF terms, Svar’s about to put a vice grip on Oli’s chest ’till he turns blue. (I actually don’t know anything about wrestling, so forget that last analogy.) What should Oli do here?

Well, if you look carefully, Oli’s already decided what to do, and it’s pretty risky. Svar’s boat below is heeled over with sails set to strain canvas in an all-out effort to maintain momentum on a precision close haul that will grab windward control. Svar knows exactly where he wants to go. Of course, Oli knows this too.

Look at Oli’s boat. It’s not heeling as much and its pointed a bit more to windward…. Oli’s tacking right in front of Svar’s bow!!! His reasoning is pretty clear. If he can get on a starboard tack, he’ll have ROW and he’ll be able to force Svar to change course. If successful, Oli could maintain his lead while also seriously hamstringing the Beckersted assault. The real problem is that an extra tack will cost Oli time and momentum… two things he has precious little of.

Oli therefore decides to tack at the last possible second, to maximally confuse and disrupt Svar’s attack. After all, if Oli tacks too early, Svar will just glide past Oli’s stern and reach the first mark in the lead. However, this is a desperate plan on Oli’s part. If Oli tacks too late, he could suffer two protests. #1: Svar could ram Oli and claim Oli’s tack was responsible for the collision. #2 If Svar’s bow actually passed Oli’s transom, then the boats were overlapped, and windward/leeward rights pertain. Oli can luff in that case, but he cannot tack.   There’s another rule Oli could break, but I forget it at the moment…  Let’s just all agree  what Oli’s doing is pretty risky.

Please don’t think I’m criticizing Oli.  Sometimes in life you just have to do what you have to do! It’s sort of like those old World War II submarine movies, where the damaged boat only has one torpedo left, and the young captain and his sweaty crew have to fire it at the last possible instant… to save humanity from an eternity of Wagnerian operas.

Oli attempted to tack at the last possible second, and I’m not sure if he technically made it. I couldn’t tell if Svar’s bow was past Oli’s transom…. However, for a moment let’s  forget about the rules because there was no protest. Take a look at the next very quick sequence, after Oli was mid-tack:

First of all, separate rules apply when a boat is tacking. To make it simple, I usually tell new SL sailors that tacking boats have Rodney Dangerfield rules: “You got no rights.” But in this case, independent of all of that, SB had both sufficient momentum and the astonishing helm control to veer off, then slide around Oli to pass him. I spent quite a few fun minutes looking at the individual frames on this race… Svar came within pixels of Oli, but they never touched. What’s that about “Ships that pass in the night?”

I love watching Oli sail, because I learn something new each time. He has the experience and knowledge that permits split-second intelligent creativity. However, on this one day, in this one race, it was all Svar Beckersted. The few hundred words I wrote above really only cover maybe five seconds… If this were a prize fight, Oli would have expertly jabbed… and Svar, waiting for that opening, knocked him flat on the mat. Two great fighters, and an interesting lesson learned.

Now that should be enough for any mere mortal sailor in one race, right? Svar proves the point he still has the stiffest spar on the block? Well, sailing fans, SB wasn’t done yet. It was pretty obvious he was having too much fun.

One of the problems with sailing duels is… it wastes time. People further back in the pack are catching up while you are trying to prove an academic point by disabling one of your saltwater colleagues.

In this case, after Svar eliminated Oli, he still hadn’t even reached the first mark! Svar still had nearly the entire race to go.

The sequence on the left shows what happened at the first mark. Remember poor old HB? Well, by the time Svar finished with Oli, HB was back on his feet again. HB’s pretty resourceful, and he actually gets my vote as the second-best sailor today. He never gave up, and repeatedly came back punching. HB is already an excellent  sailboat racer, and his performance today shows he has the heart to win everything… but just not today.

This time, HB ganged up with AiLi Ling in an attempt to take out Svar when he took the turn at the mark. In the sequence on the left, the arrow shows Svar in the first two frames. Although the red buoy is hard to see, they are all rounding that first mark, with AiLi on the inside, and HB snuggled up to her slightly further out.

Look carefully at what Svar does… He is far too polite to phrase it this way, but he has already taken the measure of the other sailors, and he’s already had his exercise sparring for this race. Svar actually swings wide of his competition at the mark so he doesn’t have to deal with them. It’s not the shortest path, but given the nature of the turn he only loses a second or two… And Svar already knows this juggernaut will leave him with many seconds to spare.

Maybe that’s another important lesson from the Race Director Beckersted: In a race, you don’t have to fight every fight to win. Fight the ones that are fun, and when you’re done, run back to the finish line for milk and cookies.

I’m absolutely positive Svar will phrase it differently, but it really looks like that’s what he decided, and thats what he did.

After passing AiLi and HB, Svar went into overdrive; I don’t know what button he clicked in his tako, but flying in his wake I couldn’t keep up. I caught a couple glimpses of him only by teleporting ahead…. (First time that’s ever happened to me.)

Here’s the Boss, cutting across the surf in his own Solomon Sea. To their credit, HP and AiLi are still hanging in there, far, far in the distance:

And here’s a final look in tribute to a great sailor, great person, and wonderful Instructor.

Thanks Svar, for teaching us all.

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